- May 16, 2013
An implant is an artificial root placed into jaw bone to restore the function and aesthetic that is lost due to tooth loss.
Teeth are important components of facial aesthetics thus loss of teeth induces psychological and sociological problems as well as difficulties in digestion, mastication and phonation.
Tooth loss can be restored with implant supported prosthetics as well as conventional systems like fixed prosthetics or removable dentures.
Single or multiple missing teeth:
Restoring a single tooth loss with an implant is a more conservative procedure than a fixed bridge restoration. In order to do a bridge restoration, intact teeth need to be reduced in size for capping and since bridges have to be renewed after some time; this might create an economical burden for the patient in the long run. Instead of a bridge restoration, by placing implants into the edentulous area, a treatment without performing any procedures on the adjacent intact teeth is feasible.
Total tooth loss:
Through implant supported dentures, comfort is achieved for edentulous patients who cannot use removable dentures due to gag reflex or insufficient resistance.
Examination and treatment planning
Implant procedures are performed with a multidisciplinary approach. A surgeon or a dental specialist, who places implants into the bone, and a prosthodontist, who plans implant prosthetics, cooperate.
Implants are suitable for almost everybody except for those who have uncontrolled systemic diseases like uncontrolled diabetes. Due to their titanium structure and their resemblance of a natural tooth root, implants are biocompatible and no allergic or toxic reaction is evident.
Performing a detailed oral examination, elements like the relationship between upper and lower jaws, teeth and gums are evaluated. Impressions are taken for diagnostic casts, and then these diagnostic casts are studied. In complicated cases, along with conventional radiographs, 3D tomography is used to get an exact model of the patient’s jaw and implant sites are planned to assure maximum accuracy. Treatment planning and procedures are explained in detail to the patients.
For a successful treatment, accurate planning is essential. It is also important that the following procedures are performed by an experienced team with adequate equipment. Implant placement is performed under local anesthesia just like any other dental operations. But general anesthesia and sedation can be used in anxious patients or with patients who do not have adequate bone for implant placement and when long surgical operations involving tissue replacements called “grafting” are necessary.