Oral Diagnosis and Radiology
- May 16, 2013
Oral diagnosis is the branch of dentistry that studies the diagnosis of oral and systemic diseases that show symptoms in the oral cavity along with their treatment planning.
Cavities or gum infections are not the only oral diseases. Diseases concerning all soft tissues of the oral cavity, jawbones and junctions, salivary glands and tongue are all among the studies of dentistry. These tissues and structures though covering a small amount of space, compose a complex anatomical structure.
Many systemic diseases also show significant symptoms in the mouth. For example, gingival diseases progress rapidly in diabetes. Recurring and numerous aphthous ulcers in the oral cavity can be the initial symptoms of Behçet’s disease. For these reasons, a branch of dentistry had to be found for the diagnosis and treatment planning of oral diseases. Thus Oral Diagnosis and Radiology undertakes this important task.
Dental radiographs, meaning radiographs of teeth, are the major aids in the diagnosis of intraoral diseases concerning hard tissues like teeth and jawbones. The most common dental radiographs are periapical radiographs (small sized radiographs displaying two or three teeth) and panoramic radiographs (larger sized radiographs displaying both the lower and upper dental arches and jawbones). Digital radiographic devices, a technique that is supported with computers, that use low doses of radiation, allow us to evaluate the structures in detail by altering light and colors on the radiographs. Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computed Tomography can also be necessary in implant treatment as well as diagnosis of the diseases of jaw joints.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Through these radiographic methods, we can identify the remaining 2/3 of a tooth that is inside the bone aside from the 1/3 that is visible, along with infections that exist inside jawbone as well as impacted teeth easily. A correct diagnosis enables correct treatment planning. Therefore, all ecessary treatments are determined in advance and greater potential problems are prevented from occurring in the future.
According to treatment planning, patients are directed to specialists in our clinic for the initiation of their treatment. Answering questions about duration or anything else about treatment planning is the responsibility of this department.